Dominic Richardson, Esuna Dugarova, Daryl Higgins, Keiko Hirao, Despina Karamperidou, Zitha Mokomane, Mihaela Robila. 2019. Families, Family Policy and the Sustainable Development Goals. UNICEF Office of Research – Innocenti
Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies,
Master’s (Doctoral) Program in Global Environmental Studies
Governments worldwide are increasingly enacting family policies, which include cash transfers, child allowances, maternity / parental leave, and preschool education and care policies. It is because they recognize the role of families as an elementary unit of society. How do family policies affect different social progress goals defined in the SDGs in different parts of the world? Which family attributes at household impact the effectiveness of the previously identified family interventions?
This report tries to answer these questions by reviewing the literature on policy assessment on poverty reduction (SDG 1), improvements in health (SDG 3), inclusiveness in education (SDG 4), gender equality (SDG 5), youth employment (SDG 8), and reduction in violence (SDG 16). The findings show that family-focused interventions are most often positively evaluated. This may reflect, to some degree, a publication bias towards significant results. This research also found complementarities and trade-offs between individual family policies aligned to specific SDGs.